HYTHE FESTIVAL EVENT.
7.30 p.m., 4th July 2020 at St. Leonard`s church, Hythe
Franz Joseph Haydn - Stabat Mater
Franz Joseph Haydn - Salve Regina in G minor
George Frideric Handel - Arrival of the Queen of Sheba
Antonio Vivaldi - Double Oboe Concerto
Stabat Mater composed by Franz Joseph Haydn
Joseph Haydn`s, Stabat Mater Hob XXa:1 was written in 1767, for mixed choir, soprano, alto, tenor and bass soloists, two oboes both doubling English horn in the sections in E-flat major, strings and organ continuo. This was the first church work the composer wrote after entering the service of Prince Esterházy in Eisenstadt. Unlike almost all of his other sacred works, it soon circulated in numerous copies and established Haydn`s reputation as the leading composer of the day. The original signed manuscript is missing.
The first performance was thought to be given on 25th March 1768 in Vienna with Haydn conducting from the harpsichord.
The work is divided into thirteen sections. The work is built around five choruses, seven arias and one duet. In the final movement the chorus establishes the vision of the Paradise in a bright G major, a fugue that becomes more and more florid until it encourages a burst of grateful colour from the soprano.
Haydn divides the setting into ten movements.
4. "Pro peccatis suae gentis" Allegro ma non troppo, B-flat major, common time
5. "Vidit suum dulcem natum" Lento e mesto, F minor, common tim
6. "Eja Mater, fons amoris" Allegretto, D minor, 3/8
7. "Sancta Mater, istud agas" Larghetto, B-flat major, 2/4
8. "Fac me vere tecum flere" Lagrimoso, G minor, common time
9. "Virgo virginum praeclara" Andante, E-flat major, 3/4
10. "Flammis orci ne succendar" Presto, C minor, common time
11. "Fac me cruce custodiri" Moderato, C major, common time
12. "Quando corpus morietur" Largo assai, G minor, common time
—"Paradisi gloria" G major, cut time
Salve Regina in G minor composed by Joseph Haydn
The Salve Regina in G minor H XXIIIb 2 is generally considered to be composed in 1771. This is attributable to the fact that the original manuscript contained a coded message within the score that indicates 1771 was the year of composure. The manuscript was actually dated as 1770, but with the final zero crossed out and replaced with a one, presumably by Haydn, himself. It is not known with any certainty the occasion or the venue for which the piece was intended but is is generally regarded that it was composed to honour the Virgin Mary after Haydn`s recovery from a serious illness, details of which are not known. The piece was scored for relatively small forces including four soloists, organ and strings, but is often performed with four part choir as given by the Folkestone Choral Society on 21st March 2020. Salve Regina was composed on a smaller scale than that of the Stabat Mater but has more coherance and fluidity with several sections linked forming larger movements. Also, the wording of this piece has been constructed more skillfully and memorable than the earlier Stabat Mater.
1. Salve Regina mater miserricordiae ! Vita, dulcedo
et spes nostra, salve ! Ad te clamamus
exules filii Evae. Ad te suspiramus,
gementes et flentes, in hac lacrimarum valle.
2. Eja ergo, advocata nostra, ilos tuos misericordes oculos
ad nos convertes.
3. Et Jesum, benedictum fructum ventris tui
nobis post hoc exilium ostende ! Jesum ostende nobis !
O clemens, o pia, o dulcis virgo Maria !
Hail to thee, Queen, mother of mercy ! Our life, our consolation,
and our hope, hail to thee ! To thee we cry,
we, the banished children of Eve. To thee we sigh,
sorrowing and weeping, in this vale of tears.
Oh, thou our advocate, turn upon us our eyes
so full of mercy.
And Jesus, the blessed fruit of thy womb,
show to us after our exile ! Show Jesus to us !
O compassionate, o pious, o sweet Virgin Mary !